Konsep Keluarga Berencana dalam Tinjauan Hukum Islam

Arsul Arsul, Aswar Aswar, Naelah Nur Sofiah

Abstract


The study was conducted to learn; (1) Review of the concept of family planning. (2) Review of Islamic law regarding the concept of family planning. The study is a library research using the qualitative descriptive. method used in this study is the normative based juridical approach with data colletion techniques wetting trough the stages of identification, classification, veryfing, analysis and deduction. The data obtained the are two primary and secondary data. Primary data collected from Quranic verses and hadith. Secondary data is obtained from some decuments, journals, scripts and related articles. The results of the study indicate that: (1) family planning aims to regulate the number or spacing of children born between husband and wife. The implementation of family planning is known in 2 ways, namely planning parenthood or tanzhim al-nasl which regulates birth spacing, the second is birth control or tahdid al-nasl which limits births. The contraceptive method is indistinguisted by 2 types of traditional contraception namely the method without tools. The second is modern contraception which is carried out with special tools. (2) One of the efforts of the Indonesian goverment in dealing with population is to form the BKKBN. (3) The implementation of family planning in Islam is judged based on its objectives namely to manage birth distance (tanzhim al-nasl), not to restrict the number of births (tahdid al-nasl). The method of contraception in Islam is distinguished by the benefits and harms obtained from its use. Islam will prioritize less harmful method such as traditional contraceptive methods. However, seeing its lower effectiveness, with the magnitude of the harm that will occur when the birth arrives, it is permissible to use other methods while maintaining the rules of the sharia. The implication of this study is: (1) for the government to keep trying to mountain and ensure that every citizen is in a better condition in terms of education, health, economy and others. (2) For society it is supposed to be more considerate and considerate of the child she will give birth ti and thus be more beneficial to her, the state and religion

Keywords


Concept Family Planning; Review of Islamic Law

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37146/ailrev.v6i1.324

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